Fall Honey Flow

We had a unexpected honey flow this fall!

I am really a poor excuse for a beekeeper, and this is the first time that I’ve checked on the bees since the spring. I fully expected to open the top and see, as I have in the past, empty frames and hive beetles. Imagine my surprise when I discovered that the entire hive was full and literally dripping with honey.

We harvested six frames from the top box, replacing them with fresh frames, and left the rest for the bees. I estimate it was about 1/6 of the honey supply, so they should have plenty left for the winter. And judging by the number of bees still flying in with packed pollen pockets, they’ll stockpile a lot more before the cold weather comes. 

Using a makeshift crush-and-strain method, we cut the honeycomb out of the frames (carefully saving a few squares for delectable treats). We then crushed the comb and let it sit into a strainer until the honey drained through, and bottled it in jars. 

The filtered honey came out to almost 16 pounds – not bad for an unexpected harvest! 

Honey 2015 - 1Honey Flow 4

Honey 2015 - 2Honey 2015 - 3

What’s Growing in May

We’ve had a rather hard spring—to be honest our hopes for a wonderful spring harvest from the greenhouse were dashed when we discovered a major fish problem that set us back to square one. Of course, fish are the engine of aquaponics—they provide the fertilizer that feeds the nitrifying bacteria that feeds the plants (read more about aquaponics). Without the fish we were dead in the water (pun intended) for several weeks. Our lettuce refused to grow, and everything we tried to grow turned yellow for lack of nutrients. We figured out how to feed the system with hydroponic nutrients, but nothing is as good as fish for making plants grow. The problem, we finally realized, was system design. Our fish tank was too small for the amount of plants that we have—plants that demand a huge amount of nitrogen and other nutrients. The solution was to add a second fish tank. No small task, but we couldn’t think of any other way to add more water volume and fish capacity. 

Finally we have reopened the tanks and restocked. We now have two fish tanks, one full of hundreds of goldfish, and one with a few dozen tilapia. We’re still having issues with the tilapia, but the goldfish seem practically indestructible. At $0.15 each, goldfish are a real winner. 

It’s amazing the difference the fish made. As soon as the fish hit the tank, plants started to grow again. You’ll see some pictures below of our lettuce growing in the raft. I can’t believe how good this lettuce tastes. It’s crunchy and juicy and sweet; I am amazed. After a tough start, spring is starting to look up!  



Music at the Farmers’ Market In Elgin!

Join us Saturday, April 5 for our weekly Farmers’ Market, featuring chef prepared items from the market, free samples, kid’s activities, live music, and more.


Earthworm Babies Are Cute Too


File this under things you don’t see every day. Here is a picture of a baby earthworm emerging from its cocoon. 

Earthworm Baby


Earthworm sex is not very romantic, but the babies are still cute. According to Wikipedia

Copulation and reproduction are separate processes in earthworms. The mating pair overlap front ends ventrally and each exchanges sperm with the other. The clitellum becomes very reddish to pinkish in color. Some time after copulation, long after the worms have separated, the clitellum (behind the spermathecae) secretes material which forms a ring around the worm. The worm then backs out of the ring, and as it does so, it injects its own eggs and the other worm’s sperm into it. As the worm slips out of the ring, the ends of the cocoon seal to form a vaguely lemon-shaped incubator (cocoon) in which the embryonic worms develop. They emerge as small, but fully formed earthworms, but lack their sex structures, which develop in about 60 to 90 days. They attain full size in about one year. Scientists predict that the average lifespan under field conditions is four to eight years, still most garden varieties live only one to two years.

Red Wiggler earthworms are an important part of our aquaponics system. They consume fish waste and plant material and deposit rich, fertile worm castings that nourish our plants. 

Aquaponic Raft Beds Installed

We have finally finished construction on our aquaponic raft beds, also known as Deep Water Culture (DWC)! The system is up and running and we have hooked the raft tank in to the main fish tank, so the water is full of nutrients that drain from the grow bed and fish tank. We aerate the water with an air pump hooked up to air stones, and the plants’ roots hang down into the aerated water.

Even the children are excited, and got to help us transplant the first lettuces into the raft.

These beautiful red and green lettuce should be ready for market in 3-4 weeks.

Aquaponic Raft Beds - 33 Aquaponic Raft Beds - 25 Aquaponic Raft Beds - 16

Are Organic Foods an Indulgence We Can’t Afford?

USDA Organic SealI recently ran across this article in The Independent: The great organic myths: Why organic foods are an indulgence the world can’t afford. The article lists seven “myths” about organic food, and proceeds to debunk each:

  1. Myth one: Organic farming is good for the environment
  2. Myth two: Organic farming is more sustainable
  3. Myth three: Organic farming doesn’t use pesticides
  4. Myth four: Pesticide levels in conventional food are dangerous
  5. Myth five: Organic food is healthier
  6. Myth six: Organic food contains more nutrients
  7. Myth seven: The demand for organic food is booming
While I agree with that article’s basic premise, that organic foods are not necessarily better for the environment than foods grown conventionally, I disagree with its conclusion, which seems to be that we might as well give up on organic and accept conventional farming and all its evils if we want to feed the world. 

I can’t find the quote right now, but in his book “Sowing Seeds in the Desert” Masanobu Fukuoka says that organic farming is just conventional farming with a different set of chemicals. This is obviously true if you look at the way large organic farms operate. 

The problem with food production today has nothing to do with the method, organic or conventional. The problem is that we have fewer farmers per capita than ever before in human history. Today a tiny number of “farmers” (if you can call them that) control a majority of the food that is produced on increasingly consolidated and huge-scale factory-like operations. What we eat today is more of a commercial product than it is food. This situation is economically unfair, environmentally unsustainable, and politically dangerous.

The key to feeding the world in the coming generations is not “Organic” or any such label or remix of farming techniques. It is for more people to take responsibility for their own food; for more farmers to grow food for their local communities; for consumers to get to know their farmers and participate in their own food. We need people to reconnect with their food. We need food production to be as widely distributed as possible – the opposite of what we have today. 

So I don’t think there’s really anything wrong with Organic food per se, or that, as the article’s headline dramatically states “the world can’t afford” organic food. The world CAN afford GOOD food. Everyone has a right to eat, and everyone should have access to good food. That’s why we do what we do. That’s why I want to be a farmer, because I love food and I love people, and I love to see people enjoy food that I’ve made especially for them.


Greenhouse Winter Wonderland

When last we checked in with Mr. Greenhouse we were finishing up the structure, covering it with shade cloth, and outfitting the interior. That seems impossibly long ago, but it was only this past summer. Summer is long gone, and cold weather is here. There are two times when a greenhouse really comes in handy: keeping things cool in the summer under the shade, and keeping things warm in the winter.

Preparing for winter by removing the shade cloth and putting on plastic seemed easy enough—sure, we’ll just pull off the shadecloth, roll it up, and pull the plastic over. No problem! Ahem. It was a lot of work. Especially because the weather was preparing to change, and it had been windy for several days. We waited weeks for a calm day, and eventually decided to try it on a nice morning with just a hint of breeze. It was a beautiful day.

Picture of Pasture

Getting the shadecloth off, truth be told, was a cinch. Just un-clip the sides and pull it off. The next job was to pull the plastic over. We bought a large roll of plastic, 55′ long and 44′ wide. It’s wide enough that the sides hang down to the ground to cover our tall windows. I tied a one end of rope to one corner of the plastic and the other end to a roll of duct tape, which I then tossed over the hoop frame.

Throwing the rope over the hoop frame

Throwing the rope over the hoop frame

We pulled and pulled, and inch by inch the plastic came up over the hoops. Amazingly we had no tears. We got it centered, and started securing the clamps along the side. That’s when the wind came up.

The wind came up at just the wrong time

The wind came up at just the wrong time

In spite of the wind (which was not much more than a breeze, but that much plastic acts like a sail on a sailboat), we managed to get the sides clipped down and secured. All was straight, tight, and beautiful with no tears or holes.

To attach the sides we used the Tube Lock base and clip that we procured from Greenhouse Megastore. On the ends walls we used the Spring Lock base and clip. After using both I can say I highly prefer the spring locks, and I won’t be using the tube locks again. The tube locks are very strong and look nice but they have a tendency to slice through the plastic if you put too much force on it. The spring locks will not harm the plastic and are extremely easy to install – just thread the spring lock into the channel of the base, and it holds everything very securely.

The sides are rolled up using a long pipe clipped on with fabric clips from FarmTek. We added a hand crank to the end of the pipe; while not absolutely necessary it makes opening and closing the sides quick and easy. On a sunny day the temperature inside can climb into the high 90s, even if the weather outside is cold, so it’s important to be able to open the sides to vent the heat.

Plastic covering installed successfully!

Bethany working inside our newly covered greenhouse.


Cold Weather Is Here

Now that cold weather is here we have the sides down most days. It’s cold outside (at least it seems cold to us Texans), but it’s nice and toasty inside. Without heat, on a cloudy day the temperature inside is usually 5-10° above the outside temp. On a sunny day it could easily be 20-40° warmer.

I’ve built out the inside with tables for seed starts and microgreens. We now have two separate aquaponic systems. In the photo below, you can see the four grow beds—two on the right and two on the left. The grow beds on the left are recently completed, and we’re cycling the system right now – it’s almost fully cycled! The ones on the right have been fully cycled for months, and are verging on becoming a jungle. We regularly have to go in and hack back the nasturtium. The tall plants that you can see growing up the frame are cherry tomatoes. Yes, it is December.

Greenhouse Wide Shot

We do have many days and nights below freezing here, so we had a propane tank installed and hooked up Mr. Heater. It’s just a basic 30,000 btu blue flame heater, but its best feature is that it’s ventless, which means low installation cost. Last week when the temperature was below freezing for the entire week and all our outside water froze, the greenhouse was nice and warm and never got below 45° inside. While I like Mr. Heater, next year I’m hoping to look into warming the greenhouse using compost instead of propane.

Mr. Heater

We’ve set up a washing, cutting, & packing area in the back of the greenhouse. This is a wonderful addition because we can wash our hands right there in the greenhouse before working. It’s a wonderfully convenient place to harvest microgreens, and it’s easy to sanitize so that we can maintain high quality and good safety. Everything that we need to harvest and pack is right there where we need it.

Washing, harvesting, & packing area

Here are some of the things we have growing inside right now:

Cabbage Seedlings

Cabbage seedlings, waiting for the spring planting


Angelica for our permaculture tree guilds and zone 1 herb gardens

Arugula in Growbed

Arugula in grow bed #4


Mixed microgreens: Daikon Radish, Garnet Mustard, Chinese Cabbage, Purslane, Beets, and Swiss Chard.


Our daughter’s enterprising flower project: Bachelor Button, Shasta Daises, and Sweet Williams.


Raft Bed Construction

Our next project is raft beds for the aquaponic system, also known as deep water culture (DWC). Water will drain out of the gravel media grow beds, where it is filtered by the media, plant roots, and the nitrification process. Nitrification is the heart and soul of our system and what makes aquaponics work. That’s a topic for another blog post.

The raft beds are basically constructed like a deck, and then I’ll add strong sides and line it with Dura Skrim. We’ll then float “rafts” that will support the plants on the surface of the water. The plant roots hang down into the water and draw nutrients up from the water. We expect to be able to harvest many dozen heads of lettuce each week from this system.

Raft bed framing

The media beds are plumbed so that they can drain either directly into the fish tank, or out into the raft bed.

Growbed Plumbing

Here is a picture of our fish tank, showing the drain from the grow beds.

Growbed Plumbing

All a lot of work! And ongoing. We’re never short of things to do. But the end is nigh. After the raft bed is complete we plan to get good at growing greens, work on our consistency and quality, and reap the rewards of our labor for a while.

Then, on to the next greenhouse!

Thanks for reading. I will leave you with this, our aquaponic grow bed from an earthworm’s point of view:

Arugula from our earthworms' point of view

Arugula from our earthworms’ point of view